Bordeaux & Bourgogne terms to make it easier to understand French wine.
Chateau: a country house where wine is made in Bordeaux.
Clos: enclosed, walled vineyard in Burgundy, used to protect the grapes from theft. Each parcels could belong to a different person.
Climats: small individual plots that have a particular microclimate. In Bordeaux it is called Terroir.
Terroir: includes all factors that influence wine growth, not just soil but also topography, climate (sun exposure, rain quantity, etc.)
Cru: vineyard or group of vineyards that are classified and having a recognized quality.
Domaine: a winery with a vineyard, territory typically associated to Burgundy.
Negociant: a broker, company that buys grapes or wines and markets them.